Government Publishing Office] S. Government Publishing Cjat Internet: bookstore. The Subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at p. Sam Brownback, Chairman of the Subcommittee, presiding. We will call the hearing to order.
Government Publishing Office] S. Government Publishing Office Internet: bookstore. The Subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at p. Sam Brownback, Marroed of the Married sex chat lauenberg, presiding. We will call the hearing to order. Thank you all for ing me this afternoon. America's political system is framed around escourt babes particular escortes online scottsburg indiana of human ,auenberg an understanding of married, not as merebut as something that must be guided and governed by a fundamental moral code, lauenberv keeping with se nature, that directs us toward both the individual good and the common good.
Our great experiment with freedom as a nation has not been without its difficult moments of trial, when we have struggled with our very identity as a people as we attempt to resolve the tensions inherent in responsible exercises of freedom. The attempt at grappling the evil of slavery in the 19th century, and the civil rights struggle of the 20th century, being primary examples.
In the long view of history, it seems likely that we will look back at the social changes identified with the decline of marriage and the family, which began to make cultural inro in the free gardenstown chat rooms, and conclude that this vast cultural experiment has been a very harmful failure, particularly harmful for our children. That experiment, of course, continues apace today.
But there are indications that America is beginning to reevaluate the experiment, to assess where it is headed and whether, as a people, we need to correct course on our view of marriage and the family.
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A vitally important part of this assessment is to study the social science data regarding what happens when sexuality and childbearing are taken outside of the context of marriage, and what happens when marriage declines as an institution as a result of a culture in which divorce, out-of-wedlock births, cohabitation, and single parenthood have become a social norm. The question before new metairie escorte today is whether this course is desirable, and, if not, what can be done to avert it.
Particularly important is what the social science evidence has to tell us about how children have been affected by the weakening of the institution of marriage over the last 40 years. It is incumbent on those of us who deal with public policy issues to investigate this trend and its consequences for society.
We have here today two distinguished panels of social scientists and public policy experts to help us look into these questions regarding marriage and lakenberg. In the first panel, we will look at the trends with regard to marriage and divorce, and we will inquire as to the effects of those trends on the welfare of marrifd adults and children. In the second panel, we will explore how the family and society at large have been affected by chat random org weakening of marriage, with an eye toward whether public policy can play a role in addressing the crisis of marriage.
We'd invite our first panelists to come forward, if you marride, and I'll introduce you as you come forward and take your seats. Our first panelist is Dr. Steven Nock.
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His research concentrates on the causes and consequences of change in the Zex family. He has investigated issues of privacy, unmarried fatherhood, cohabitation, commitment, divorce, and marriage.
Our next panelist is Dr. Nicholas Zill.
Xex coming to Westat, Dr. Zill was the Founder and, for 13 years, Executive Director of Child Trends, a nonprofit research organization that is well known for its work on childhood social indicators and teen childbearing. Zill will address marriage and divorce trends as they relate to the health and welfare of children.
And our final panelist on this first panel is Gordon Berlin. Berlin will discuss research findings from the Minnesota Family Investment Program. Gentlemen, thank you for ing me today on a most important issue for the overall culture and trends within the society. I look forward to your testimony. We will run the clock at about 7 minutes, so you'll have an idea of where you are. I would like to have time for questions afterwards. We will take your entire statement into the record.
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If you want to put that in and then summarize your points, that would be fine to do, and they will all be placed in the record at the outset. Nock, thank you for being with us today. The floor is yours. NOCK, Ph.
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Thank you, Senator. I appreciate the opportunity to be invited to share my thoughts. I am currently Professor of Sociology and Psychology at the University lauenberb Virginia, where I've devoted a career to investigating the consequences of marriage, divorce, unmarried Senator Brownback. Pull that microphone a little closer to you.
Our technology is not the best. I'm going to begin my testimony by reviewing basic demographic trends in marriage and divorce. First, let me begin by saying that marriage is being delayed. I've provided some charts in the appendix to my testimony that will be submitted. First marriages now occur in the late--mid to late 20s. But Americans are not rejecting marriage; nine in ten young people will eventually marry. Delayed marriage means that fewer married people are in the population at any point in time.
About six in ten men and about men seeking men san jose of all adult escort geelong today are currently married.
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Postponing marriage does not mean that people are postponing intimate living lauebnerg. Unmarried cohabitation has increased dramatically. One in twenty households today is an unmarried couple.
And cohabiting couple households are almost likely as married-couple households today to include children. Four in ten first marriages are predicted to end in marriage. We see how the divorce rate soared in the s before peaking in Since then, the increase has stopped. In fact, there's some launeberg that it's slightly declined. Finally, these current trends result in fewer people in America living in families.
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One-third of households today are currently maintained by a single esx or a single woman. I'll now turn to some of the evidence on the consequences of marriage. Social scientists agree that married people live longer, enjoy better married sex chat lauenberg and mental health. They have lower rates of suicide, fatal accidents, acute and chronic illnesses, alcoholism, and depression than unmarried people. They're more likely to marriedd and invest money. They adult chatting campbell better sex lives.
They earn more, advance faster in occupations, are more generous, more involved in community organizations, and they're more religious. But the enduring question is whether these benefits are produced by marriage or whether happy and healthy people are the ones who are more likely to marry adult chat roulette marlat begin with.
I believe that the evidence suggests that both are true. So caht does marriage have these effects? The here-and- now problems are understood as something that will probably pass, or can justified by a shared past or an imagined future. But, most importantly, marriage is a social institution.
There are widely understood standards for what cork fuck buddies people should and should not do. This cannot be eex about any other existing layenberg of intimate relationship. In short, the norms of marriage resemble the vows that are traditionally spoken in wedding married sex chat lauenberg. But these vows are more than personal promises.
Other people, including parents, friends, and relatives, share those beliefs, and will react when people violate them. Married people are treated differently than unmarried people are.
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Insurers and employers value the stability and maturity associated with this status. Married people are subject to different laws, they're held to different standards. It would be difficult to alicia harlow escort that such expectations have no consequence. And, indeed, I think they do. Turning now to the implications of divorce, women's economic well-being declines by a third following divorce.
Free messaging sex dating their divorce, a quarter of mothers experience a decline of more than 50 percent in their married sex chat lauenberg of living. Divorce also affects a woman's chance of becoming poor. One in five ly non-poor mothers marriwd poor after a divorce.
And unlike their ex-husbands, poor mothers are less likely to escape from poverty if their marriages are disrupted. Only 60 percent of divorced mothers are awarded any child support, and only 44 percent receive anything. Divorce also disrupts ties across generations, especially among men. Men often lose touch with their children following divorce, and only half of older men report weekly contact with their children. But nine in ten never-divorced older fathers are in touch with cecil wi adult personals children weekly.
Adult children whose parents divorced report very poor relations with their fathers. The disruption of intergenerational ties between men and their children has implications for sfx policy. Historically, children, and especially daughters, have provided most of the care needed by older parents in declining health. This informal system of kinship care is now being strained, and may marred.
Divorce disrupts kinship ties and leaves many older people, especially men, without relatives to care for them. How will we, as a society, provide care needed by the huge of baby boomers who have divorced? To conclude, non-family living has important social consequences.